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Crack Cocaine in Colorado



Thin Dotted line for Colorado Drug Rehab

Cocaine and Crack use in Colorado ranked in the highest percentages of Persons Aged 12 or Older Reporting Past Year Use by State: 2002-2003. Colorado ranks in the 2.77 to 3.9 percentages, which is the highest category captured by the SAMHSA's study. Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona are the only three states in the West that ranked in this percentile and there are only eight states that have a problem of equal magnitude. In the past year, the calls to Colorado Drug Rehab requesting rehab or treatment are mostly coming from the Denver area, but it has also been seen in Boulder, Fort Collins and Colorado Springs.

Crack addiction in Colorado is one of the state's greatest problems today. Individuals addicted to crack will do almost anything to get the drug. It has penetrated all levels of our society; rich, poor, and everyone in between. Family members connected to individuals in Colorado with a crack addiction live in chaos and confusion, not understanding the underlying mechanics of crack addiction.

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History of Crack-Cocaine:

As America moved through the 1980s, both heroin and cocaine use persisted, and a few new drugs emerged. One of these was Ecstasy, a synthetic hallucinogen that was quickly outlawed. Of greater concern, however, was the reportedly new drug called "crack".... referred to in the media as a cheap variety of street cocaine that could be smoked and was highly addictive.

Contrary to popular belief, crack is not a new substance, having been first reported in literature during the early 1970s. At the time, however, knowledge of crack, known then as "base" or "rock" (not to be confused with "rock cocaine".. a cocaine hydrochloride product for intranasal snorting), seemed to be restricted to segments of avid cocaine devotees. Crack is processed from cocaine hydrochloride by adding ammonia or backing soda and water and by heating it to remove the hydrochloride. The result is a pebble-sized crystalline form of cocaine base. And, interestingly, crack gets its name from the fact that the residue of sodium bicarbonate often causes a crackly sound when the substance is smoked.

The rediscovery of crack during the early 1980s seemed to occur simultaneously on the East and West Coasts. As a result of the Colombian government's attempts to reduce the amount of illicit cocaine production within its borders, it apparently , at least for a time, successfully restricted the amount of ether available for transforming coca paste into cocaine hydrochloride. The result was the diversion of coca paste from Colombia, through Central America and the Caribiean, into south Florida for the conversion into cocaine. Spillage from shipments through the caribbean corridor acquainted local island populations with the smoking of coca past (basuco), which developed the forerunner of crack-cocaine in 1980. Immigrants from Jamaica, Trinidad, the Leeward and Windward Islands introduced the crack prototype to Carribbean inner-city populations in Miami and New York, where it was ultimately produced from cocaine hydrochloride rather than coca paste.

Apparently, about the same time, a Los Angeles basement chemist rediscovered the rock variety of baking-soda cocaine, and it was initially referred to as "cocaine rock". It was an immediate success, as was the East Coast type, and for a variety of reasons. First, it could b smoked rather than snorted. When cocaine is smoked, it is more rapidly absorbed and reportedly crosses the blood-brain barrier within six seconds... hence, an almost instantaneous high. Second, it was cheap. While a gram of cocaine for snorting may cost $60 or more depending on its purity, the same gram can be transformed into anywhere from five to thirty rocks. For the user, this meant that individual "rocks" could be purchased for as little as $5, $10 or $20. for the seller, $60 worth of cocaine hydrochloride could generate as much as $150 when sold as rocks. Third, it was easily hidden and transportable, and when hawked in small glass vials, it could be readily scrutinized by potential buyers.

By the close of 1985, crack had come to the attention of th emedia and was predicted to be the "wave of the future" among substance abusers, and by mid-1986 national headlines were calling crack a glorified version of cocaine and the major street drug of abuse in teh US. And, to, thee was the belief that crack was responsible for rising rates of street crime!'

By the close of the 1980s cradk-cocaine seemed to have emerged as the major drug of concern in many parts of America. Although national surveys were indicating tht at the end of the decade only 3 percent of high school students, just over 1 percent of college students, and 3 percent of young adults were recent users of crack.

Reference: Handbook of Drug Control In the United States by James A. Inciardi. Published by Greenwood Publishing Group, 1990.

Most of the crack cocaine available in Colorado is converted within the Colorado.

Once having tried cocaine, an individual cannot predict or control the extent to which he or she will continue to use the drug. Crack is a powerfully addictive drug of abuse.

"Crack" is the street name given to cocaine that has been processed from cocaine hydrochloride to a free base for smoking. Rather than requiring the more volatile method of processing cocaine using ether, crack cocaine is processed with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water and heated to remove the hydrochloride, thus producing a form of cocaine that can be smoked. The term "crack" refers to the crackling sound heard when the mixture is smoked (heated), presumably from the sodium bicarbonate.

The major routes of administration of cocaine are sniffing or snorting crack, injecting crack, and smoking (including free-base and crack cocaine). Snorting is the process of inhaling cocaine powder through the nose where it is absorbed into the bloodstream through the nasal tissues. Injecting is the act of using a needle to release the drug directly into the bloodstream. Smoking involves inhaling cocaine vapor or smoke into the lungs where absorption into the bloodstream is as rapid as by injection.

There is great risk whether crack is ingested by inhalation (snorting), injection, or smoking. It appears that compulsive crack use may develop even more rapidly if the substance is smoked rather than snorted. Smoking allows extremely high doses of crack to reach the brain very quickly and brings an intense and immediate high. The injecting drug user is at risk for transmitting or acquiring HIV infection/AIDS if needles or other injection equipment are shared.

High doses of crack and/or prolonged use can trigger paranoia. Smoking crack can produce a particularly aggressive paranoid behavior in users. When addicted individuals stop using crack, they often become depressed. This also may lead to further crack use to alleviate depression.

Distribution of CRACK in Colorado

Hispanic and African American street gangs distribute powdered and crack cocaine; some gangs distribute powdered or crack cocaine at the wholesale and retail levels, while others distribute crack at the retail level only. Local independent dealers also distribute powdered and crack cocaine at the retail level. Retail distributors in Colorado typically convert powdered cocaine into crack on an as-needed basis and sell the drug at open-air markets or from crack houses.

Crack Abuse in Colorado:

ADAD reported that 39 percent of cocaine-related treatment admissions in 2001 were for powdered cocaine abuse, and 58 percent were for crack cocaine abuse. Admissions for crack cocaine abuse have fallen steadily--from 67 percent of cocaine-related admissions in 1995. Caucasian males aged 35 and older were the primary powdered and crack cocaine abusers admitted for treatment in 2001. Among cocaine abusers, 58.5 percent smoked, 24.9 percent snorted, 12.5 percent injected, and 4.1 percent employed other or multiple means to administer the drug.

Powdered cocaine commonly is abused at nightclubs and bars, while crack primarily is abused in residences and apartments. Many white-collar professionals reportedly purchase powdered cocaine for personal use at nightclubs, bars, and offices. Some crack cocaine abusers purchase the drug at open-air markets.

Colorado Drug Rehab is a free service that will help you find a drug rehab for any alcohol or drug addiction problem you or a loved one may be having. It is easy to confuse the different terms used in this field, describing the different types of drug crack rehab centers in Colorado, drug rehabilitation centers, and substance abuse treatment programs. For the problem that you are addressing, should you be looking for an Outpatient, In-patient, Residential Crack Treatment Center, Long term or Short term treatment and what modality of treatment is the most effective and what are the cost related to these forms of treatment or rehab.

Colorado Drug Rehab counselors do not subscribe to the disease model which believes that "once an addict, always an addict"! Most programs subscribe to the idea that addiction is a chronic and progressive disease; meaning that there is no cure and that a persons is continually getting sicker throughout his life, even if he isn't using alcohol or other drugs. With a message like this, it is no wonder so few get well. Our staff has reviewed over 150 drug rehab residential programs, on site, and out of those reviewed, we only refer to 13 programs that have proven successful outcomes. When looking for a drug rehab in Colorado, it is smart to talk to one of our counselors that has over 30 years experience in drug rehabs in Colorado and Southwest.

Contact Colorado Drug Rehab, helps you make decisions on a drug rehab treatment center as well as helping your get the best alcohol and drug assessments and evaluations. We are Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselors that have reviewed over 150 rehab centers, on site, and performed more than 500 alcohol and drug assessments and evaluations, and can share our experiences and help you find the best program or get a fair and honest alcohol or drug assessment to help you with legal issues or help you find what level of treatment or rehab is most appropriate!

Contact Colorado Drug Rehab, helps you make decisions on a drug rehab treatment center as well as helping your get the best alcohol and drug assessments and evaluations. We are Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselors that have reviewed over 150 rehab centers, on site, and performed more than 500 alcohol and drug assessments and evaluations, and can share our experiences and help you find the best program or get a fair and honest alcohol or drug assessment to help you with legal issues or help you find what level of treatment or rehab is most appropriate!